By Dominique Le Fur
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W. 1985. “Competing Motivations”. ), 343–365. Fischer, O. 1994. “The development of quasi-auxiliaries in English and changes in word order”. Neophilologus 78: 137–164. Fischer, O. 1997. “On the status of grammaticalisation and the diachronic dimension in explanation”. Transactions of the Philological Society 95: 149–187. Fischer, O. 1999. “On the role played by iconicity in grammaticalisation processes”. In M. Nänny and O. Fischer (eds), 345–374. Fischer, O. and Nänny, M. 1999. “Introduction: Iconicity as a creative force in language use”.
They both set out to explore possible cases of degrammaticalization. 9 Closely related to Fischer’s paper is the study presented by Fitzmaurice, which looks at inﬁnitival to from a more synchronic perspective, INTRODUCTION 23 focusing on the negative split inﬁnitive (to not ﬁnd out) and how it interacts with the grammaticalization of the English semi-auxiliaries (such as have to, want to, be going to). The fact that to within the semi-auxiliaries becomes less bonded with the following VP complement and is therefore indicative of the further degrammaticalization of inﬁnitival to is also mentioned by Fischer.
Amsterdam: Benjamins. Lass, R. 1980. On Explaining Language Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Lehmann, Chr. 1982 . Thoughts on Grammaticalization. A Programmatic Sketch. [Arbeiten des Kölner Universalien-Projekts 48]. Köln Universität. Revised and expanded version appeared in 1995 as Thoughts on Grammaticalization [LINCOM Studies in Theoretical Linguistics 01]. München/Newcastle: Lincom Europa. Lehmann, Chr. 1999. “New reﬂections on grammaticalization and lexicalization”. Paper given at the international symposium on ‘New Reﬂections on Grammaticalization’, held in Potsdam, 17–19 June 1999.