By Qian Zhongshu
This ebook contains 24 English works of Mr. Qian Zhongshu, consisting of his Bachelor thesis for Oxford collage and different articles released in a few English magazines. extra concerned with the content material of classical chinese language and Western classical literature. The booklet additionally comprises Mr. Qian's correspondences and very helpful speeches.
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Additional info for A Collection of Qian Zhongshu's English Essays
They are made by combining the mid or the low vowel with the high vowels [i] or [u], shown in (57). The high vowel [y] does not occur in a diphthong.
I will use the glide symbol when the sound precedes the nuclear vowel, such as [w] in [wai] ‘outside’ and [swan] ‘sour’. When [w] occurs initially without a consonant, many Beijing speakers pronounce it as a labio-dental [ʋ] (J. Shen 1987; M. Hu 1991). According M. Hu (1991: 244–5), at least 90 per cent of Beijing speakers use [ʋ] to various degrees. The choice between [w] and [ʋ] depends on the main vowel. Chao (1927: 2) suggests that [ʋ] is better than [w] before [əi], but both [w] and [ʋ] can be used before other vowels.
On the other hand, it is much longer than a short vowel, so it is like two sounds in terms of duration. Similarly, the diphthong [ai] is like two sounds in terms of duration, but it is like one sound for lack of an internal boundary. A sound like [ ph] presents another kind of problem. It is like two sounds because there is a phonetic boundary between [ p] and [h]. In addition, the duration of [ ph] seems to be longer than that of [ p]. However, phonetic studies show that the vowel that follows [ ph] is shorter than the vowel that follows [ p].