A Collection of Qian Zhongshu's English Essays by Qian Zhongshu

By Qian Zhongshu

This ebook contains 24 English works of Mr. Qian Zhongshu, consisting of his Bachelor thesis for Oxford collage and different articles released in a few English magazines. extra concerned with the content material of classical chinese language and Western classical literature. The booklet additionally comprises Mr. Qian's correspondences and very helpful speeches.

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Example text

They are made by combining the mid or the low vowel with the high vowels [i] or [u], shown in (57). The high vowel [y] does not occur in a diphthong.

I will use the glide symbol when the sound precedes the nuclear vowel, such as [w] in [wai] ‘outside’ and [swan] ‘sour’. When [w] occurs initially without a consonant, many Beijing speakers pronounce it as a labio-dental [ʋ] (J. Shen 1987; M. Hu 1991). According M. Hu (1991: 244–5), at least 90 per cent of Beijing speakers use [ʋ] to various degrees. The choice between [w] and [ʋ] depends on the main vowel. Chao (1927: 2) suggests that [ʋ] is better than [w] before [əi], but both [w] and [ʋ] can be used before other vowels.

On the other hand, it is much longer than a short vowel, so it is like two sounds in terms of duration. Similarly, the diphthong [ai] is like two sounds in terms of duration, but it is like one sound for lack of an internal boundary. A sound like [ ph] presents another kind of problem. It is like two sounds because there is a phonetic boundary between [ p] and [h]. In addition, the duration of [ ph] seems to be longer than that of [ p]. However, phonetic studies show that the vowel that follows [ ph] is shorter than the vowel that follows [ p].

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