A Generative Grammar of Afar by Loren Bliese

By Loren Bliese

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However, the fact that the subject noun phrases are all identical and embedded subjects are deleted supports the derivation as a series of sentence complements. The morpheme 'sinni is the negative relative of 'le has instead of the expected 'le 'way combination. It may be translated which does not have or simply without. infinitive (as is to be expected from its meaning of negation). It is also used as an irregular verb taking direct object noun phrases (ma'ko 'sinni 'num man without deceit, John 1:47; 'yoo 'sinni-m without me nominalized, John 14:6, cf.

As noted above, person and number markers are lost with this infinitive. 3). a and b). NP ~---------------Sr=::::::::::---------f~ -NP lobj Verb subj NoJn NP 1 Veri subj Noun 'usuk he macan'El-a younger-sister I ""C:omp a'maat-i come-inf Nou~ macan'e-a 'he-e younger-sister permithe ,perf He permitted the younger sister to come. As with other transitive sentence complements, the subject of the complement is lost. being identical to the object of the matrix verb (macan'ea sister). i 'na 'xan 'bah-i 'ken hay-'t-a mother milk bring-inf them permit-she-impf Mother permits them to bring milk.

Y-ak'tab-u ei 'c-a he-write-subj able-he,irrrpf He is able to write. a'maat-u (other dialects, y-aktu 1 be-m ei 'ca) duu'd-a come-subj able-I,impf (other dialects, amaa'te-m duu'd-a) The transitive verb hay permit selects the complementizer -i on its embedded infinitive. I am able to come. 'xan 'nak- i 'yoo 'he-e milk drink-comp me permit-perf He permitted me to drink milk. 2). However, noun phrase complements, including the irregular verb class, use the base (nonderived) form before the -Vm nominalizer.

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