A grammar of Betta Kurumba by Gail Maria Coelho

By Gail Maria Coelho

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Because only older generation speakers use distinct suffixes in the two paradigms, a formal distinction between present and past perfect is encoded only by these speakers. Further, because the st two paradigms differ only in the 1 singular and the plural, the distinction between present perfect and past perfect can be made only in these person categories. This distinction is shown in Table 10. 2. Number markers The second set of subject agreement suffixes encodes number alone, shown in (7). 7) /-d/ /-/ Singular Plural These suffixes are derived from the singular and plural nominalizers /-d, -/ (described in Chapter 5).

My consultant during the first month of this trip was Badsi (the wife of Bomman, my consultant in 1995), after which I worked with Bommi, her sister. I made a fourth trip in 2001, partly funded by an extension on the NSF grant, during which I spent two and a half months expanding my data on morphosyntax and my transcriptions and translations of texts; my consultant during this trip was Bommi. In addition, I gathered some vocabulary for regional flora and fauna from several other consultants, namely Madan and Ketan.

B. c. d. e. f. yarpa nilwa porwa napa arwa kuyrpa /yari-pu-a/ /nili-w-a/ /por-w-a/ /nai-pu-a/ /aru-w-a/ /kuyri-pu-a/ ‘call-irrealis-3sg’ ‘play-irrealis-3sg’ ‘carry-irrealis-3sg’ ‘walk-irrealis-3sg’ ‘sleep-irrealis-3sg’ ‘drink-irrealis-3sg’ ‘She calls’ ‘She plays’ ‘She carries’ ‘She walks’ ‘She sleeps’ ‘She drinks’ Verbs in the strong-s-class show a complication in realis theme formation: they have two realis themes, the regular realis theme and the special realis theme. The regular realis theme is used for three inflectional categories – transition, contingency, and contingent possibility – and is formed just like realis themes in the other verb classes; that is, it ends in a realis suffix.

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