By Valérie Guérin
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Mavea: An Oceanic Langugage of Vanuatu
However, the vowel /u/ is realized as [w] between vowels. o. palm tree’ where there is no variation. Let us assume that the glide /w/ is present underlyingly. 2). Some examples follow. o] ‘far’ The vowel /e/ is also mostly pronounced [e]. e] ‘picture’ However, when /e/ follows the [-hi, +bk] vowels /a/ or /o/ at the end of a word, it creates a phonetic diphthong and is pronounced [j]. There are two falling surface diphthongs in Ma˝vea: [aj] and [oj]. 2 below. 3 Word Stress Stress is not phonemic.
Time when the sea worm eli is caught. Abundance of all sorts of food. There are no more yams to eat, only cold food is eaten, like bananas. Yams are considered a hot food. ’ The narrator used ari˝vi ngirngir at the beginning of the text and subsequently only ari˝vi to refer to the rat in the story. 49 3 Word classes Bislama loanwords are also used to refer to religious events such as Christmas or Easter. 003 Mo-v ki-tol-sa ki-tun na Utala˝pe, na 3 SG-say 1 PL . up 1 PL . EXCL-roast LOC Santo LOC Ista aite.
Although the last vowel of these suffixes has been lost on the surface, if we assume that it is present underlyingly, stress can still be considered to be penult in (55). Evidence suggesting that this analysis is correct comes from final vowel deletion in other monomorphemic words. As shown in (57), final vowel deletion does not affect stress placement. "let] ‘worm’ There also exist verbs with a stressed closed final syllable, as in (58), which contrasts with (56). ’ If the above analysis is correct, it suggests that stress is on the penult syllable in (56), because, historically, there was no vowel in word-final position: [n] was a coda and final closed syllables did not attract stress.