A Grammar of the Mongol Language by Chinggaltai

By Chinggaltai

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The evaluation seeks to establish an effect which is statistically significant, that is, the difference observed between the findings of the experimental group and the control group is greater than that which might occur naturally. Key quality criteria of experimental evaluations are internal validity – the extent to which the effect measured is caused by the intervention – and external validity – the extent to which the findings can be generalized to the wider population. Detailed accounts of the experimental approach can be found in research and evaluation methods handbooks, such as Cohen, Manion and Morrison (2001) and Lynch (1996).

Weltanschauung – world view, wider discourse which inform or determine the transformational processes which drive human activity. Owners – the third stakeholder group, often not directly involved in transformations, but with ultimate control. Environment – The context of operations, which is a network of factors, some of which are supportive of transformations, but many of which will represent constraints in some way. A CATWOE analysis leads to a conceptual model of the organisation’s activity.

Patton (1997) outlines a seven-stage process for the design and implementation of evaluations which are utilisation-focused. In some ways, 37 38 Program Evaluation in Language Education Patton’s approach is an implementation strategy for the radical rethinking of the 1970s in the context of complex program management: many of the key principles focus on understanding the program and facilitating its development though engagement with and of the people involved. Although the framework for a utilisation-focused evaluation is set out in the form of a flowchart, Patton warns against assuming that the logic of linearity always prevails; the stages are overlapping and iterated as required.

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