A Short Grammar of Bulgarian for English Speaking Learners by E. Antonova, E. Boytchinova, P. Benatova

By E. Antonova, E. Boytchinova, P. Benatova

E. Antonova, E. Boytchinova, P. BenatovaA brief Grammar of Bulgarian for English talking novices / Краткая грамматика болгарского языка для говорящих на английском языке О книге.Учебное пособие, включающее в себя самые важные аспекты современного болгарского языка.Modern Bulgarian is likely one of the South Slavonic languages, descendant of outdated Bulgarian. numerous later diversifications of outdated Bulgarian are frequently known as previous Church Slavonic. smooth Bulgarian is now the legit general language of the Republic of Bulgaria.Bulgarian and Slavonic writing built after the construction of the Cyrillic Alphabet within the ninth century (A.D.). Bulgarian is in reality the oldest Slavonic language which used writing for literary paintings and one of many oldest in Europe. The Slavonic literary culture flourished for numerous centuries within the Bulgarian lands and unfold to Serbia and Russia.Содержание книги:Some uncomplicated information in regards to the Bulgarian LanguagePrefacePart One PHONETICS (ФОНЕТИКА) Vowels (Гласни)Unstressed Vowels (Неударени гласни)Consonants (Съгласни)Palatal Consonants (Палатални съгласни)Stress (Ударение)Phonetic changes (Фонемни редувания)Metathesis (Метатеза)Part TwoMORPHOLOGY (МОРФОЛОГИЯ)I. Nouns (Съществителни имена)Gender (Род)Number (Число)Determination of Nouns (Членуване на съществителните имена)Use of the sure Article (Употреба на определителния член)Formation of Nouns (Образуване на съществителните имена)II. Adjectives (Прилагателни имена)Gender (Род)Plural of adjectives (Множествено число на прилагателните имена)The Use of the convinced Article with Adjectives (Членуване на прилагателните имена)Degrees of comparability (Степени на сравнение)Formation of Adjectives (Образуване на прилагателните имена)III. Numerals (Числителни имена)Cardinal Numerals (Бройни числителни)Ordinal Numerals (Редни числителни)IV. Pronouns (Местоимения)1. own Pronouns (Лични местоимения)2. Possessive Pronouns (Притежателни местоимения)3. Reflexive Pronouns (Възвратни местоимения)4. Demonstrative Pronouns (Показателни местоимения)5. Interrogative Pronouns (Въпросителни местоимения)6. Relative Pronouns (Относителни местоимения)7. Indefinite Pronouns (Неопределителни местоимения)8. adverse Pronouns (Отрицателни местоимения)9. Generalizing Pronouns (Обобщителни местоимения)V Verbs (Глаголи)5.1.. class of Verbs (Класификация на глаголите)A. Transitive and Intransitive Verbs (Преходни и непреходни глаголи)B. own and Impersonal Verbs (Лични и безлични глаголи)C. Non-Reflexive and Reflexive Verbs (Невъзвратни и възвратни глаголи)D. basic and Compound Verbs (Прости и сложни глаголи)5.2. Grammatical different types of the Verb (Граматически категории на глагола)1. individual and quantity (Лице и число)2. element (Вид на глагола)3. The annoying method (Глаголните времена)3.1. the current annoying (Сегашно време)3.2. The Imperfect prior (Минало несвършено време)3.3. The Aorist prior stressful (Минало свършено време -аорист)ЗА the precise annoying (Минало неопределено време)3.5. The previous ideal demanding (Минало предварително време)3.6. the longer term demanding (Бъдеще време)3.7. the long run long ago demanding (Бъдеще време в миналото)3.8. the long run excellent demanding (Бъдеще предварително време)3.9. the longer term excellent some time past demanding (Бъдеще предварително време в миналото)4. Voice of the Verb (Залог на глагола)Formation of the Passive Voice (Образуване на страдателния залог)5. temper of the Verb ((Наклонение на глагола)5.1. The Indicative temper (Изявително наклонение)5.2. The valuable temper (Повелително наклонение)5.3. The Conditional temper (Условно наклонение)5.4. The Renarrated temper (Преизказно наклонение)6. Non-Finite Verb types (Нелични глаголни форми)6.1. Participles (Причастия)A. The energetic current Participle (Сегашно деятелно причастие)B. The lively Imperfect previous Participle (Минало несвършено деятелно причастие)С The energetic Aorist earlier Participle (Минало свършено деятелно причастие)D. The Passive previous Participle ((Минало страдателно причастие)6.2. Verbal Adverbs (Деепричастия)6.3. Verbal Nouns (Отглаголни съществителни)6.4. The Infinitive (Инфинитив)7. Verb Formation (Образуване на глаголите)7.1. Derivation of Verbs of the Perfective point (Образуване на глаголи от свършен вид)7.2. Derivation of Imperfective Verbs (Образуване на глаголи от несвършен вид)7.3. Derivation of Verbs from different grammatical different types (Образуване на глаголи от други граматически категории)VI. Adverbs (Наречия)VII. Prepositions (Предлози)VIIL Conjunctions (Съюзи)IX. debris (Частици)Literature

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Have to be distinguished. Thus, three categories of Gender[s] are named: ‘masculine’, ‘feminine’, and ‘neuter’ (cf. T. Davidson 1874: 331). ‘[P]rimitive’ and ‘derivative’ are distinguished as Species of nouns and verbs (cf. ibid. 331 and 335), and ‘simple, compound and super-compound’ as Forms (cf. ). The category of Number[s] is divided into ‘singular, dual and plural’ (ibid. 332), and that of Case[s] into ‘the right’ (‘nominative’), ‘the generic’ (‘possessive’), ‘the dative’, ‘the accusative’, and ‘the vocative’ (cf.

The Te´khne¯ grammatike¯ starts with a general characterization of a grammar and lists its constituent parts:6 Grammar is an experimental knowledge (ÝìðåØæßÆ) of the usages of language as generally current among poets and prose writers. It is divided into six parts: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Trained reading with due regard to Prosody. Explanation according to poetical figures. Ready statement of dialectal peculiarities and allusions. Discovery of Etymology. An accurate account of analogies. Criticism of poetical productions, which is the noblest part of grammatic art.

Ma¨tzner explains this by pointing out that some nouns belong to specific semantic classes which have a plural meaning: collective nouns occur in the singular but also have a plural meaning and agree with plural forms in their context. For example, infantry in fifty thousand infantry or fish in when fowls have no feather and fish have no fin (cf. 1880-85: 254). These examples all provide evidence that Ma¨tzner’s identification of the parts of speech in Modern English is not primarily based on morphological properties which are supplemented by semantic ones, but that it is first based on semantic properties to which – where possible – morphological properties are added.

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