Advances in Solar Energy: An Annual Review of Research and by D. O. Hall, P. J. de Groot (auth.), Karl W. Böer (eds.)

By D. O. Hall, P. J. de Groot (auth.), Karl W. Böer (eds.)

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3 Mt in 1983-84. 5 M. Harvests on this scale have depended on irrigation from subterranean wells (the area only receives 10 cm of rainfall each year). Concern is now being expressed over this high level of water utilization and consequent depletion of reserves. However, despite this not inconsiderable problem (which may be relieved through the greater use of desalination plants), the production figures for wheat serve to show what can be achieved if the incentive is available. Wheat subsidies alone cost the government over $1 billion in 1984.

Another important factor in the shift in eating habits is the policy of many West African governments to subsidize the consumption of imported grains in urban areas. Domestically produced coarse grains therefore become relatively more expensive. 3 to 1. In addition, food aid (although often essential), consisting mainly of rice and wheat, often finds its way illegally onto the market. The increase in availability of these cereals available also serves to lower prices. n g These changes in diet have compounded African food production problems.

L. S. S. 1: USA exports, and world stocks and trade of grains. 3 Adapted from reference 133. 1 CHAPTER! 10; Fig. 3) only eased slightly in 1985, but still are having a drastic effect on the economies of countries dependent on this commodity, such as Guyana, Fiji and Mauritius. 124 Current world market price levels ensure that the Commonwealth Caribbean community exporters are at present earning $40 M per year less than the sugar costs to produce. Not surprisingly, the sugar industries in these countries are in a crisis.

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