Adverb Placement: A case study in antisymmetric syntax by Artemis Alexiadou

By Artemis Alexiadou

This monograph investigates a few significant matters within the Syntax of Adverbs with detailed connection with Greek within the gentle of Kayne's (1994) Antisymmetry speculation. It examines the stipulations at the placement of many of the adverb forms, their licensing specifications, and their relation to adjectives. the writer advances an research in line with which adverbs are authorized as Specifiers of useful projections within the clausal area. As such, they input an identical relation with the appropriate positive aspects of the respective sensible head. Adverbs are both without delay merged on the proper practical projection (for example Aspectual and Speaker orientated adverbs) or on the other hand they're moved to this place from the supplement area of the verb (for example demeanour adverbs). additionally, the quantity examines the phenomenon of Adverb Incorporation. it's proposed that Incorporation is compulsory for these vice president inner Adverbs that are 'structuraly non-complex' in Chomsky's 1995 phrases. eventually, the similarities and adjustments among adverbs and adjectives, clausal and nominal constitution are investigated and a few asymmetries among the 2 are highlighted.

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A language consists of two components: a lexicon and a computational system. The lexicon specifies the items that enter into the computational system. This in turn maps some array A of lexical choices to the pair (π, X). A indicates what the lexical choices are and how many items each is selected by the computational system in forming (π, X). Chomsky assumes that A is at least a numeration N. Numeration is defined as follows (cf. Chomsky 1995: 225): (9) N is a set of pairs (Li, i), where Li is a lexical item and i its index, understood to be the number of times LI is selected.

Fanselow 1991 and Ferguson & Groat 1993). 13 . Auxiliaries, as opposed to main verbs, can move in English (cf. Pollock 1989: 368). 14 . This situation is quite similar to the difference between attributive vs. predicative adjectives or other XPs in Italian (data from Cinque 1993b): (i) a. * I sostenitori fedeli alla causa di Gianni sono pochi the supporters faithful to the cause of John are few b. I sostenitori di Gianni fedeli alla causa sono pochi c. Lui è stato diversamente (*da voi) sistemato He has been differently from you put up d.

I have also illustrated, arguing against Travis (1988), that some adverbs can take complements, be modified or have comparative forms; adverbs show this behavior when they are on a right branch. If adverbs were uniquely specifiers, we would not expect them to take complements to their right when on a left branch. This prediction is borne out, assuming for the moment that in (31c) the adverb is in a specifier position. (31a) vs. (31b) shows that complex adverbial is possible only in final position, while in (31c) the less complex adverb is accepted in a specifier position.

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